Hemorrhoids (commonly known as hemorrhoids) is a common disease located in the anus area, which can develop at any age, but the incidence gradually increases with age. In China, hemorrhoids are the most common anorectal disease. Here is a set of pictures of female hemorrhoids, symptoms of female hemorrhoids and their harm. Let's find out together.
What is hemorrhoids
Hemorrhoids are a chronic disease of one or more soft venous clusters formed by varicose veins in the anorectal base and anal mucosa. Women are a high-risk group of hemorrhoids. Because of their special physiological structure, the symptoms of female hemorrhoid patients are representative.
What are the causes of hemorrhoids in women
1. Bad bowel habits
Excessive time for squatting and bowel movements when going to the toilet may easily cause blood stasis in the anal cecum and cause diseases.
2, abnormal stool
Diarrhea and constipation are important causes of hemorrhoids.
3. Chronic diseases
Such as poor long-term nutrition, weak constitution, leading to anal sphincter relaxation and weakness.
4, diet reasons
People who drink or eat spicy food for a long time, because alcohol and spicy substances can stimulate the digestive tract mucosa, cause blood vessels to dilate, colon dysfunction, and the incidence of anorectal diseases has increased significantly.
5. Menstruation and pregnancy
Women have two special periods, menstrual period and pregnancy. During this period, women's anal burden tends to increase. Therefore, some women often experience difficulty in defecation and prolonged intervals during menstruation or pregnancy, and defecate only once every 2-3 days.
6. Late pregnancy
In women's late pregnancy, the fetus increases the pressure on the rectum. In addition to difficulty in defecation, the venous blood flow of the rectum and anus will be impeded. This will not only easily cause hemorrhoids, but also make the original hemorrhoids worse.
The puerperium after pregnancy is also a period of higher incidence of hemorrhoids. Anorectal treatment data show that the incidence of hemorrhoids is very high after delivery. After delivery, the abdominal cavity is empty, and the bowel movements tend to become dull. In addition, the abdominal wall is loosened, the activity is reduced, the symptoms of weakness and difficulty in defecation are increased, and there are often no defecation symptoms for several days. If the feces stay in the intestine for too long, it will be highly indurated, and the anorectum will be damaged during strong defecation, which will cause hemorrhoids.
What are the symptoms of hemorrhoids in women
① Mucus outflow
The rectal mucosa has been stimulated by the hemorrhoid nucleus for a long time, causing increased secretions; late internal hemorrhoids, due to relaxation of the anal sphincter, often have secretions flowing from the anus. The lighter outflow when stool, the heavy outflow naturally when not defecation, contaminated underwear, the patient is extremely inconvenient. When the internal hemorrhoids prolapse, there is more secretion.
Internal hemorrhoids are simple and generally painless. Sometimes they only feel anus bulge or have difficulty defecation. If inflammation and swelling, thrombosis or incarceration in the hemorrhoid, pain; if the prolapse is not reset in time, the pain becomes worse; if incarceration occurs, there is ulceration and necrosis, causing inflammation and edema of the anal margin, the pain is severe, and the patient sits Restless.
③ blood in the stool
Bleeding during or after defecation, bright red, and sometimes a small amount of blood is attached to the surface of the stool, or the tissue is dyed red, sometimes dripping or ejecting.
The irritation of the hemorrhoids caused by secretions or prolapses makes the anus moist and unclean, and eczema and itching occur. Itching is sometimes caused by the reflection of internal hemorrhoids.
Due to the increased volume of the hemorrhoid core, the stool is squeezed by the feces during defecation, and it gradually separates from the muscular layer and prolapses outside the anus. Sometimes 1--2 hemorrhoid cores prolapse at the same time, sometimes all hemorrhoid cores with rectal mucosa prolapse together. At first, it only comes out during defecation, and it can reset itself afterwards. Those with severe symptoms need to be pushed back by hand after rest, or rest in bed before they can be reset. In severe cases, in addition to the prolapse during defecation, all those who are forced, walking, coughing, sneezing, squatting, etc., may prolapse.