On December 31, 2019, the "Regulations on the Management of Municipal Solid Waste Classification in Shenzhen" was approved by the 37th meeting of the Standing Committee of the Sixth National People's Congress and will be implemented from May 1, 2020. Step into the rule of law.
Regulations of Shenzhen Municipality on the Management of the Classification of Domestic Garbage Effective from May 1
The data shows that Shenzhen, as a mega city with a population of more than 20 million people, produces about 28,500 tons of domestic waste per day, of which about 70% comes from households. The waste treatment facilities have been overloaded for a long time and are facing " Trash Besieged ".
Obviously, domestic garbage disposal is a vital link in the whole garbage classification. The release of household food waste is the focus of domestic waste classification management. Therefore, one of the highlights of the "Regulations on the Management of the Classification of Domestic Garbage in Shenzhen" is the first in the country to unpack and dispose of food waste.
The "Regulations" fully absorbed the advanced experience and practices of Beijing, Shanghai and other places, and based on the actual situation in Shenzhen, created a household kitchen waste unpacking and placing system, a year-round and year-old orange sorting and recycling system, and a residential floor floor withdrawing bucket system to innovate A regular fixed-point system for placing domestic garbage was established, and a garbage reduction day was established.
Domestic waste is placed according to four types of standards
First of all, you need to know how to divide garbage. The "Regulations" divide domestic garbage into four categories: recyclables, kitchen waste, hazardous waste, and other garbage. At the same time, it authorizes the competent authorities to adjust the classification of domestic garbage in a timely manner according to the level of economic and social development, the characteristics of domestic garbage, and the treatment and utilization methods. standard.
The relevant person in charge of the Standing Committee of the Municipal People ’s Congress ’s Legal Work Committee stated that entering the “compulsory era” of garbage classification also has a transition period, which cannot be achieved “on the fly”. Therefore, the "Regulations" set November 8 every year as a "garbage reduction day", hoping to strengthen publicity and education on the source reduction of domestic waste, and slowly cultivate the citizens to form a living habit of waste classification.
Dispose of food waste separately in plastic bags
Kitchen waste has a high level of moisture, organic matter, and nutrients, and is of great value for recycling. Therefore, the "Regulations" stipulates that "family kitchen waste should be drained of oil and water and placed in a dedicated collection container within a specified period of time; if a disposable storage bag is used for storage, the storage bag should be placed in another garbage collection container separately." In order to avoid the smell of household food waste after being unpacked and put in place, the "Regulations" stipulates that "family food waste should be stored in a closed container after the designated time period has elapsed, and cleared within 12 hours." .
Shenzhen is also the first city in the country to pass legislation requiring food waste to be unpacked. Regarding why a bag unpacking system should be set up, the relevant person in charge of the Standing Committee of the Municipal People's Congress Legal Work Committee said that because plastic garbage bags and food waste fall into different categories, mixed release does not meet the classification requirements, and pure food waste is more conducive to Make use of resources. The person in charge pointed out that front-end classification and back-end processing are complementary. Whether the back-end can effectively process determines whether front-end garbage classification is meaningful, and if the front-end garbage reduction and classification is done, it can also increase the back-end collection, Market demand for transportation and handling. At present, our city is accelerating the planning and construction of back-end processing facilities and improving the processing capacity of kitchen waste according to actual conditions.
Abandoned annual flowers are divided into three parts and classified.
The Spring Festival is approaching, and many families will purchase annual flowers to decorate the festive atmosphere. How to deal with the flowers in the years after the holiday is also included in this domestic waste classification legislation. The "Regulations" specifically stipulate that discarded annual flowers and oranges should be placed at the designated annual flowers and oranges in accordance with the time period announced by the district authority, and should be transplanted and cultivated according to the characteristics of the plant. The daily abandoned flower and green plant treatment separates the components such as pots, plants and mud, and puts them into recyclables, kitchen waste and other garbage collection containers.
Personal "ransom" garbage fined up to 200 yuan
In addition, the "Regulations" also mentioned that the municipal government should improve the domestic waste treatment charging system in accordance with the principle of who produces, pays and differentiated charging, and gradually implement classified pricing and metered charging.
The Regulations also provide for fines. According to the "Regulations", if a unit or individual fails to release domestic garbage as required and refuses to correct it, the individual shall be fined from 50 yuan to 200 yuan, and the unit shall be fined from 5,000 yuan to 50,000 yuan.
The above is the detailed information on the implementation of the "Regulations on the Management of the Classification of Municipal Solid Waste in China" which will be implemented from May 1st . I hope it will be helpful to you.
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